Definitions

Apprentice: An individual who is learning a trade, art, or skill through a combination of on-the-job training and related instruction to learn the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation in exchange for work. Typically, apprenticeships include technical or classroom instruction in addition to on-the-job training resulting in a credential that certifies occupational proficiency. Apprentices must be clearly identified by their employer as an apprentice.

Intern: A student or graduate engaged in supervised experiential learning in a professional setting. Internships are of a fixed duration, are established for the benefit of the intern, and have clearly defined objectives related to the professional goals of the intern. Interns must be clearly identified by their employer as an intern. For wage and overtime requirements under the Fair Labor Standards Act, see the Department of Labor definitions here.

Minor working part-time: an employee under the age of legal responsibility working less than 40 hours per week. North Carolina recognizes 18 as the "age of majority," or the age at which state residents are legally considered adults, as do most other states.

New Hire: an employee who is in a probationary period within their first 90 days of employment during which the employee and employer are evaluating each other.

Temporary / Project-Based Employee: an “as needed” employee who works intermittently and works less than 90 days in a calendar year.

Tipped , Commissioned, or Variable Rate Employee: An employee who consistently over time relies on tips, commission, or other variable rate pay for a percentage of her/his income. When averaged out, wages plus tips, commission or variable rate pay must equal at least the living wage amount